2011年12月 的存档
2011十二月23

大批量数据上传

sql server 评论关闭

CREATE TABLE tmp ([USER] NVARCHAR(MAX) )
BULK INSERT tmp FROM N’C:\aaa\数据.txt’

2011十二月8

脱机数据库的删除

sql server 评论关闭

脱机数据库删除后,与联机数据删除不同的一点是,它不会自动删除与数据库关联的mdf,ldf文件,即此时若建立一同名数据库,会因数据库文件已经存大而弹出错误信息

2011十二月8

sp_procoption在每次启动 SQL Server 实例时自动运行

sql server 评论关闭

sp_procoption [ @ProcName = ] ‘procedure’
, [ @OptionName = ] ‘option’
, [ @OptionValue = ] ‘value’

备注
启动过程必须位于 master 数据库中,并且不能包含 INPUT 或 OUTPUT 参数。启动时恢复了 master 数据库后,即开始执行存储过程。

参数
[ @ProcName = ] ‘procedure’
为其设置选项的过程的名称。 procedure 的数据类型为 nvarchar(776),无默认值。

[ @OptionName = ] ‘option’
要设置的选项的名称。option 的唯一值为 startup。

[ @OptionValue = ] ‘value’
指示是将选项设置为开启(true 或 on)还是关闭(false 或 off)。value 的数据类型为 varchar(12),无默认值。

返回代码值
0(成功)或错误号(失败)

权限
要求具有 sysadmin 固定服务器角色的成员身份。

2011十二月8

获取表结构的sql

sql server 评论关闭

EXEC GetTableScript 'frmuser'

CREATE PROCEDURE GetTableScript
@TableName VARCHAR(50)
AS 

--To get table script
declare @Id int, @i int, @i2 int,@Sql varchar(max),@Sql2 varchar(max), @f1 varchar(5), @f2 varchar(5), @f3 varchar(5), @f4 varchar(5), @T varchar(5)
    select @Id=object_id(@TableName), @f1 = char(13) + char(10), @f2 = '    ', @f3=@f1+@f2, @f4=',' + @f3

    if not(@Id is null)
    BEGIN
    declare @Data table(Id int identity primary key, D varchar(max) not null, ic int null, re int null, o int not null);

    -- Columns
    with c as(
        select c.column_id, Nr = row_number() over(order by c.column_id), Clr=count(*) over(),
            D = quotename(c.name) + ' ' +
                case when s.name = 'sys' or c.is_computed=1 then '' else quotename(s.name) + '.' end +
                case when c.is_computed=1 then '' when s.name = 'sys' then t.Name else quotename(t.name) end +
                case when c.user_type_id!=c.system_type_id or c.is_computed=1 then ''
                    when t.Name in ('xml', 'uniqueidentifier', 'tinyint', 'timestamp', 'time', 'text', 'sysname', 'sql_variant', 'smallmoney', 'smallint', 'smalldatetime', 'ntext', 'money',
                                    'int', 'image', 'hierarchyid', 'geometry', 'geography', 'float', 'datetimeoffset', 'datetime2', 'datetime', 'date', 'bigint', 'bit') then ''
                    when t.Name in('varchar','varbinary', 'real', 'numeric', 'decimal', 'char', 'binary')
                        then '(' + isnull(convert(varchar,nullif(c.max_length,-1)), 'max') + isnull(','+convert(varchar,nullif(c.scale, 0)), '') + ')'
                    when t.Name in('nvarchar','nchar')
                        then '(' + isnull(convert(varchar,nullif(c.max_length,-1) / 2), 'max') + isnull(','+convert(varchar,nullif(c.scale, 0)), '') + ')'
                    else '??'
                    end +
                case when ic.object_id is not null then ' identity(' + convert(varchar,ic.seed_value) + ',' + convert(varchar,ic.increment_value) + ')' else '' end +
                case when c.is_computed=1 then 'as' + cc.definition when c.is_nullable = 1 then ' null' else ' not null' end +
                case c.is_rowguidcol when 1 then ' rowguidcol' else '' end +
                case when d.object_id is not null then ' default ' + d.definition else  '' end
        from sys.columns c
        inner join sys.types t
        on t.user_type_id = c.user_type_id
        inner join sys.schemas s
        on s.schema_id=t.schema_id
        left outer join sys.computed_columns cc
        on cc.object_id=c.object_id and cc.column_id=c.column_id
        left outer join sys.default_constraints d
        on d.parent_object_id=@id and d.parent_column_id=c.column_id
        left outer join sys.identity_columns ic
        on ic.object_id=c.object_id and ic.column_id=c.column_id
        where c.object_id=@Id

    )
        insert into @Data(D, o)
        select '    ' + D + case Nr when Clr then '' else ',' + @f1 end, 0
        from c where NOT D IS NULL
        order by column_id

    -- SubObjects
    set @i=0
    while 1=1
        begin
        select top 1 @i=c.object_id, @T = c.type, @i2=i.index_id
        from sys.objects c
        left outer join sys.indexes i
        on i.object_id=@Id and i.name=c.name
        where parent_object_id=@Id and c.object_id>@i and c.type not in('D')
        order by c.object_id
        if @@rowcount=0 break
        if @T = 'C'
            insert into @Data
            select @f4 + 'check ' + case is_not_for_replication when 1 then 'not for replication ' else '' end + definition, null, null, 10
            from sys.check_constraints where object_id=@i
        else if @T = 'Pk'
            insert into @Data
            select @f4 + 'primary key' + isnull(' ' + nullif(lower(i.type_desc),'clustered'), ''), @i2, null, 20
            from sys.indexes i
            where i.object_id=@Id and i.index_id=@i2
        else if @T = 'uq'
            insert into @Data values(@f4 + 'unique', @i2, null, 30)
        else if @T = 'f'
            begin
            insert into @Data
            select @f4 + 'foreign key', -1, @i, 40
            from sys.foreign_keys f
            where f.object_id=@i

            insert into @Data
            select ' references ' + quotename(s.name) + '.' + quotename(o.name), -2, @i, 41
            from sys.foreign_keys f
            inner join sys.objects o
            on o.object_id=f.referenced_object_id
            inner join sys.schemas s
            on s.schema_id=o.schema_id
            where f.object_id=@i

            insert into @Data
            select ' not for replication', -3, @i, 42
            from sys.foreign_keys f
            inner join sys.objects o
            on o.object_id=f.referenced_object_id
            inner join sys.schemas s
            on s.schema_id=o.schema_id
            where f.object_id=@i and f.is_not_for_replication=1
            end
        else
            insert into @Data values(@f4 + 'Unknow SubObject [' + @T + ']', null, null, 99)
        end

    insert into @Data values(@f1+')', null, null, 100)

    -- Indexes
    insert into @Data
    select @f1 + 'create ' + case is_unique when 1 then 'unique ' else '' end + lower(s.type_desc) + ' index ' + 'i' + convert(varchar, row_number() over(order by index_id)) + ' on ' + quotename(sc.Name) + '.' + quotename(o.name), index_id, null, 1000
    from sys.indexes s
    inner join sys.objects o
    on o.object_id=s.object_id
    inner join sys.schemas sc
    on sc.schema_id=o.schema_id
    where s.object_id=@Id and is_unique_constraint=0 and is_primary_key=0 and s.type_desc != 'heap'

    -- columns
    set @i=0
    while 1=1
        begin
        select top 1 @i=ic from @Data where ic>@i order by ic
        if @@rowcount=0 break
        select @i2=0, @Sql=null, @Sql2=null
        while 1=1
            begin
            select @i2=index_column_id,
                @Sql = case c.is_included_column when 1 then @Sql else isnull(@Sql + ', ', '(') + cc.Name + case c.is_descending_key when 1  then ' desc' else '' end end,
                @Sql2 = case c.is_included_column when 0 then @Sql2 else isnull(@Sql2 + ', ', '(') + cc.Name + case c.is_descending_key when 1  then ' desc' else '' end end
            from sys.index_columns c
            inner join sys.columns cc
            on c.column_id=cc.column_id and cc.object_id=c.object_id
            where c.object_id=@Id and index_id=@i and index_column_id>@i2
            order by index_column_id
            if @@rowcount=0 break
            end
        update @Data set D=D+@Sql +')' + isnull(' include' + @Sql2 + ')', '') where ic=@i
        end

    -- references
    set @i=0
    while 1=1
        begin
        select top 1 @i=re from @Data where re>@i order by re
        if @@rowcount=0 break

        select @i2=0, @Sql=null, @Sql2=null
        while 1=1
            begin
            select @i2=f.constraint_column_id,
                @Sql = isnull(@Sql + ', ', '(') + c1.Name,
                @Sql2 = isnull(@Sql2 + ', ', '(') + c2.Name
            from sys.foreign_key_columns f
            inner join sys.columns c1
            on c1.column_id=f.parent_column_id and c1.object_id=f.parent_object_id
            inner join sys.columns c2
            on c2.column_id=f.referenced_column_id and c2.object_id=f.referenced_object_id
            where f.constraint_object_id=@i and f.constraint_column_id>@i2
            order by f.constraint_column_id
            if @@rowcount=0 break
            end
        update @Data set D = D + @Sql + ')'  where re=@i and ic=-1
        update @Data set D = D + @Sql2 + ')'  where re=@i and ic=-2
        end;

    -- Render
    with x as(
        select id=d.id-1, D=d.D + isnull(d2.D,'')
        from @Data d
        left outer join @Data d2
        on d.re=d2.re and d2.o=42
        where d.o=41

    )
    update @Data
        set D=d.D+x.D
    from @Data d
    inner join x
    on x.id=d.id

    delete @Data where o in(41, 42)

    select @Sql = 'create table ' + quotename(s.name) + '.' + quotename(o.name) + '(' + @f1
    from sys.objects o
    inner join sys.schemas s
    on o.schema_id = s.schema_id
    where o.object_id=@Id

    set @i=0
    while 1=1
        begin
        select top 1 @I=Id, @Sql = @Sql + D from @Data order by o, case when o=0 then right('0000' + convert(varchar,id),5)  else D end, id
        if @@rowcount=0 break
        delete @Data where id=@i
        end
    END
    SELECT @Sql

引自:http://www.cnblogs.com/unruledboy/archive/2011/12/05/SQLMon2.html
2011十二月7

视图刷新-refreshview

视图创建之后,若表结构发生改变,此时视图是不改变的,需要刷新视图才可。
exec sp_refreshview ‘VR_bswGoods’

2011十二月2

图片识别-验证码

.NET,ASP.NET 评论关闭

参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/pmars/archive/2011/12/02/2271898.html